The Narendra Modi authorities has now no longer but commented on activities in Afghanistan an afternoon after Taliban military took over the Arg Presidential Palace in Kabul and President Ashraf Ghani fled the country. On Monday, pinnacle safety, Cabinet, Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) officers are understood to be in a sequence of briefings approximately the state of affairs in Afghanistan and plans for the destiny.

The pinnacle 5 questions the authorities faces:

  1. Bringing domestic Indian nationals: On Sunday, an Air India flight become capable of fly out wearing 129 passengers from Kabul to Delhi, however considering that then, the chaos at Kabul’s Hamid Karzai International Airport has intended business flights are not able to ply, and for the instant Kabul airspace has been closed. With lots of determined Afghans in search of to depart the country, the tarmac has been overrun via way of means of human beings blocking off the airplanes from setting out or landing. According to sources, India is hoping to apply its navy C-17s to convey returned diplomats, safety employees and the final Indian nationals from Kabul, however that is contingent on the street to Kabul airport, manned via way of means of Taliban, get right of entry to into the airport, that’s being secured via way of means of the U.S.-led NATO forces, and permission to land flights. According to officers, this stays the authorities’s first priority.

  2. Helping Afghans who need to depart: Hundreds of Afghan nationals, lots of them allied to the preceding Ghani authorities are in search of to depart the country, and feature implemented for visas from the Indian Embassy in Kabul. Among them are people with hyperlinks to India, who’ve studied or educated here, or with households in India, or people who should face reprisal assaults from Taliban military. While the MEA has made a assertion on its dedication to facilitate contributors of the Hindu and Sikh minorities in Afghanistan, no said coverage has been introduced on whether or not it’s going to welcome all Afghans, as India has accomplished on preceding occasions. If the authorities does be given them, then preparations for what may be lots of refugees will want to be made.

  1. Recognising the Taliban regime: Last week after talks comprising 12 international locations such as India, U.N. representatives and Afghan representatives with the Taliban in Doha, a nine-factor assertion issued made it clean that they will “now no longer realise any authorities in Afghanistan this is imposed thru the usage of navy force”. Given the state of affairs, in which President Ghani left the country, Afghan National Defence and Security Forces positioned up no resistance and Taliban opponents walked into Kabul, took manage of the Presidential Palace with none bloodshed, the query now could be whether or not those international locations, which encompass India, U.S., U.K., China, Pakistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Germany, Norway, and Qatar, will recall reputation to the Taliban regime. The selection is mainly hard for India, which become intently allied to the Afghan authorities, and helped construct democratic and constitutional techniques there, and sees the remedy of ladies and minorities as critical to the ones techniques. Recognising a Taliban regime, giving it international legitimacy might be a hard step for India. Other questions the authorities will face are on the U.N. — India is President of the U.N. Security Council this month, and have to take selections on whether or not to convene conferences on Afghanistan’s destiny, such as viable sanctions, and is likewise chairing the committee on Taliban sanctions.

  2. Dealing with the Taliban regime: Regardless of whether or not or now no longer India recognises the Taliban because the valid ruler in Afghanistan, the authorities will ought to open channels of conversation to have interaction the Taliban. In the beyond few months, safety officers and diplomats have made initial, furtive touch with the Taliban in Doha, and the MEA stated it’s miles engaging “diverse stakeholders” in Afghanistan. Those hyperlinks will ought to be broadened with the intention to make certain the protection of Indians and the Embassy in Kabul to begin with, however additionally logistical requirements, like the usage of Afghan airspace, transit trade, humanitarian help and so forth withinside the destiny. Government officers have frequently stated that they could now no longer like a repeat of the state of affairs all through the IC-814 hijacking, whilst India had no capacity to touch the Taliban at all.

five. Strategic alternatives with Afghanistan: The large questions that the authorities faces are approximately how its strategic alternatives in Afghanistan will extrade given the Taliban’s proximity to Pakistan’s establishment, and the worries that anti-India terror corporations should occupy area in Afghanistan to perform terror assaults towards India. India’s impact with the brand new authorities is probably to be significantly curtailed, as Pakistan’s impact over the Taliban stays strong, and the authorities will ought to rethink whether or not to now have interaction Pakistan without delay as well. Other strategic troubles concerning destiny connectivity, which India had sought to do through Chabahar port in Iran, have to additionally be taken into consideration withinside the longer term.

Charkint District Governor Salima Mazari points a gun as she visits forces in Charkint district of Balkh province on June 29. Massoud Hossaini for Foreign Policy